What is Binocular Vision Dysfunction?

Individuals with BVD have a slight vision misalignment that is not typically caught during routine eye exams and requires an optometrist with specialized training to accurately diagnose. Our vision becomes misaligned when our eyes have trouble working together as a team. If the misalignment is severe, it may lead to double vision or double imagery.

The body tries to correct the misalignment by overusing and straining the eye muscles, causing a variety of unpleasant symptoms.

BVD can be caused by a variety of factors, including a traumatic brain injury or concussion.

Binocular Vision Dysfunction Symptoms

Symptoms vary widely from person to person. While some patients may find their vision completely compromised, others may not even notice anything is wrong.

Symptoms include:
  • Dizziness
  • Lightheadedness
  • Nausea
  • Unsteadiness or drifting while walking
  • Poor coordination or clumsiness
  • Poor depth perception
  • Motion sickness
  • Headaches
  • Facial pain, eye pain, or pain while moving your eyes
  • Neck, upper back, or shoulder pain
  • Frequent head tilting
  • Closing or covering one eye to improve vision
  • Anxiety, including anxiety caused by crowds or large spaces
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Glare
  • Double vision
  • Fatigue while reading
  • Troubles with reading or reading comprehension
  • Skipping lines or losing your place frequently while reading
  • Shadowed, overlapping, or blurry vision

If you, or someone you know, is experiencing any of the above symptoms you should make an appointment with your optometrist as soon as possible. You can also determine if you might be experiencing BVD by taking the BVD test.

Binocular Vision Dysfunction Treatments

Dr. Martin, who did his BVD training through the Vision Specialists of Michigan, has the skills and knowledge to treat binocular vision dysfunction. During your exam, he will perform a NeuroVisual Evaluation, which specifically looks for subtle vision misalignments. Near vision, far vision, and vision alignment problems can be corrected with glasses fitted with specialized aligning lenses.

Almost all patients experience a reduction in their symptoms straight away, with the average patient noticing a 50% reduction in their symptoms by the end of their first visit. Binocular vision continues to improve as the aligning lenses are fine-tuned over the next few visits. Most patients experience an 80% reduction in symptoms by the time their treatment has concluded.

For more information about BVD, and the treatment options available, please speak to your optometrist during your next exam.